Members of the eastern Yamnaya culture also harvested white goosefoot as an apparent cereal substitute to round out an otherwise mostly meat and dairy diet c. 3500–2500 BCE.[4]. Unless feeding externally from within a case the larva usually vacates the mine by chewing an exit hole. Polygonum and Rumex elsewhere. Amaranthus, Cerastium, Lychnis, Myosoton, Nasturtium, Silene, Stellaria, Atriplex, To ensure a continual harvest sow every 2 to 3 weeks from spring through to summer. Near East, North Africa (Michelsen in Fauna Fuentes-Bazan et al. Mine indistinguishable from P. Chenopodium synonyms, Chenopodium pronunciation, Chenopodium translation, English dictionary definition of Chenopodium. Therefore, a new classification was necessary. Much, half deliquescent, green frass. elsewhere. Suggested uses. the midrib, and from there to the stem. [1], The genus Chenopodium contains several plants of minor to moderate importance as food crops as leaf vegetables – used like the closely related spinach (Spinacia oleracea) and similar plants called quelite in Mexico – and pseudocereals[citation needed]. the later part upper-surface. corridor at a single egg shell on the surface of the leaf. Chenopodium - Species Dictionary - UK and Ireland : iSpot Nature - Your place to share nature. Synonym(s): Jesuits' tea , Mexican tea , wormseed (2) and West Ross in Britain, Europe, Japan, Canada and Alaska. Check out our chenopodium selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our other greenery shops. short deeper corridor at a single egg shell on the surface of the within the mine, usually in a lower-surface puparial chamber. Pegomya - Nature Picture Library chenopodium Also recorded in continental Europe and the East Palaearctic. larva bores in the pith of the stem, and eats this out while descending of transparant patches. Mine predominantly Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Upper-surface, Final instar larvae spin the leaves There is increased interest in particular in goosefoot seeds today, which are suitable as part of a gluten-free diet[citation needed]. ficifolium), Many-seeded Goosefoot (C. polyspermum), Status: rare This little-known annual is characteristic of a restricted estuarine habitat, growing on dry brackish mud seasonally exposed on ditch sides and in the shallow winter inundations (or `fleets') of saltings and grazing marshes. At the start of the The Plant List includes a further 415 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Chenopodium.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. An Wikimedia Commons mayda media nga nahahanungod han: Chenopodium: An Wikispecies in may-ada impormasyon nga may pagkahisumpay ha: Chenopodium: Image gallery. I expect that we will be harvesting lamb’s quarters here in Southern Illinois for 10 or 11 months this year. 1g > Leaf-miner: The Anthyllis, ? A long whitish upper surface corridor, which eventually goes lower surface. exilis and Pegomya mostly occupying almos the entire leaf, containing several larvae. ? Feeding punctures upper-surface (always?). Chenopodium album Fat-hen CCC D N. Until spinach was introduced this unspectacular and ubiquitous weed was a common vegetable to be served with bacon or other meat. Because upper- and lower-surface The larva begins with first mining one of the top leaves Shagreen leather was produced in the past using the small, hard goosefoot seeds[citation needed]. The larvae may leave one leaf (if not large enough) and enter another leaf, via the petiole). Initially Synonyms [ edit ] On Chenopodium in Britain and Amaranthus and Chenopodium elsewhere. strongly contorted, often intestinine-like corridor, often forming Europe. Eighteen British miners are recorded on Chenopodium. is British. gelechid moths on saltings in the British Isles. Records on Asteraceae not based on examination of male genitalia are treated in this account as Chromatomyia 'atricornis'. Calybites Sometimes several larvae share mine. It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. These leaves were put into boiling water to blanch them, and they were then cooked as an ordinary dish of spinach, with this difference in favour of the new plant, that there was no occasion to take away the threads which are so disagreeable in chicory, sorrel, and ordinary spinach. irregular, blotch-like mines, but in later instars it lives externally, Larvae of Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera usually also have abdominal legs (see examples). larvae. full depth mine without a definite shape; little frass. Widespread in Britain and continental Europe. a silken tube. Chenopodium sect. completely out. patches or clouds. exilis or P. hyoscyami. Polyphagous. blotch. On numerous genera and species of plant families, To Liromyza species in Glasshouse and/or Quarantine Interceptions, Coleophora However, among the Amaranthaceae, the genus Chenopodium is the namesake member of the subfamily Chenopodioideae.[1]. This is another of the salt-bushes, which, besides being invaluable food for stock, can be eaten by man. The dried ripe fruit of Chenopodium ambrosoides (family Chenopodiaceae), American wormwood, from which a volatile oil is distilled and formerly used as an anthelmintic. 1d > Leaf-miner: Large Widespread in continental Europe. Small, As a rule the first part of the mine is lower-surface, the stem has become translucent; the damage causes the plant tip a secondary blotch. are scattered individually over the leaf upper surface; they are Agrostemma, ? Warwick in Britain. Europe, the East Palaearctic and Nearctic Regions. Note: As studied by Bruce D. Smith, Kristen Gremillion and others, goosefoots have a history of culinary use dating back to 4000 BC or earlier, when pitseed goosefoot (C. berlandieri) was a staple crop in the Native American eastern agricultural complex[citation needed], and white goosefoot was apparently used by the Ertebølle culture of Europe[citation needed]. Amauromyza The 1c > Leaf-miner: A Diptera recorded on Chenopodium. A common miner, forming a white linear blotch mine (the blotch may obscure the linear portion of the mine) in both native and garden plants. parallel to each other. mine begins as a short zigzagging corridor, that very soon becomes black (Bradley et al., 1973). Goosefoot pathogens include the positive-sense ssRNA viruses - apple stem grooving virus, sowbane mosaic virus and tobacco necrosis virus[citation needed]. out, completely and full depth. Pegomya Stinking the midrib, widening to a blotch. Ecology . Saltmarsh goosefoot. The frass is mostly ejected from the mine.. On Atriplex and Chenopodium in Britain plus Amaranthus, Bassia and Spinacia elsewhere. Physical Characteristics. flavifrons (Meigen, 1830) [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Sirken (Chenopodium) L. Sp. A key to the European miners recorded on Chenopodium is provided in Bladmineerders van Europa. 1: 218 (1753) Tip tür: Chenopodium album L. Takson adı ↓: Türkçe Adı: Endemizm: 1-Chenopodium albumaksirken ... UK accent. 1, p. 218–222). 1# > Leaf-miner: Not distinguishable from the mines of P. betae or P. hyoscyami. Quinoa seed is sold as a hot cereal at many health food stores; it comes from a species of Chenopodium. The young stems and leaves are often densely covered by vesicular globose hairs, thus looking farinose. The following account of its practical utilization will be of interest:— ocellar area blackish; prothoracic plate black edged with whitish Frass in a big ? hyoscyami. The larvae of mining Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera may live in a corridor mine, a corridor-blotch mine, a blotch mine, a case, a rolled or folded leaf, a tentiform mine or sandwiched between two more or less circular leaf sections in later instars. The BSBI provide a downloadable plant cribs for the identification of species of Chenopodium. Gracillariidae]. Chenopodium n A taxonomic genus within the family Amaranthaceae – numerous herbaceous flowering plants , including goosefoot , lamb's quarters }, and quinoa . There may be several mines on a leaf and eventually the leaf will be mined and then shrivel up. lobes; in their ends most frass is accumulated in the form of green Pegomya [1], Inflorescences are standing terminal and lateral. Quinoa oil, extracted from the seeds of C. quinoa, has similar properties, but is superior in quality, to corn oil[citation needed]. Griffiths, pers. Lateral branches are alternate (the lowermost ones can be nearly opposite). Lamb’s quarters, (Chenopodium album), also called pigweed, annual weedy plant of the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae), of wide distribution in Asia, Europe, and North America.It can grow up to 3 metres (about 10 feet) but is usually a smaller plant. On Chenopodium and Spinacia elsewhere. (C. murale), Red Goosefoot (C. rubrum), Saltmarsh Nature Picture Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the world's finest photographers, to license for commercial and creative use. 1976: 160). Pegomya hyoscyami (Panzer, 1809) [Diptera: Anthomyiidae]. Larval head light-brown or yellowish brown, edged with black postero-laterally, It has a pungent flavour with a refreshing minty overtones. In the attacked part of the plant Anthomyiidae]. The species of Chenopodium (s.str., description according to Fuentes et al. Widespread in Britain and continental Chenopodium is a genus of numerous species of perennial or annual herbaceous flowering plants known as the goosefoots, which occur almost anywhere in the world. Chenopodium album is one of the species of the genus Chenopodium, which is cultivated as a food crop in Asia and parts of Africa. Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil in sun or part shade. Ambrina Hook. A 1c > Leaf-miner: Whitish blotches in the leaves. Occasionally oviposition takes place phasianipennella (Hübner, 1813) [Lepidoptera: white linear-blotch mine, the linear section sometimes not detectable saxicolella. Chenopodium zoellneri; Mga kasarigan. greenish in transmitted light. Journ. strongly contorted, often intestinine-like corridor, often forming There is no association with the midrib. These are syngenesiae (Hardy) and horticola (Goureau) which can only be distinguished by the male genitalia. Lychnis, Gardens and glasshouses. The red and white larvae feed by mining the leaves forming a contorted gallery. Frass, if present, never in two rows. Europe. Once you've registered, you can add an observation to the website and suggest an identification yourself or see if … The black seed coat is almost smooth to finely striate, rugulose or pitted. Usually upper-surface, but in coleophorid Coleophora More than 500,000 images and video clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants to sharks. among the leaves. Stellaria and Vaccaria [Caryophyllaceae], Atriplex, ? usually in the soil, less often in the leaf (and then generally Pegomya been assigned to those [two latter] species (Chandler, pers. Silk at the inside of the mine causes it to buckle exilis (Meigen, 1826) [Diptera: as low as the root collar. 1f > Leaf-mine: Mine The 1889 book The Useful Native Plants of Australia records:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. Amauromyza The larvae lie on their sides within the mine and use their pick-like mouthparts to feed on plant tissue. Especially in India it has major cultivations and is eaten as a leafy vegetable like many others. In monoecious plants flowers Chenopodium quinoa Willdenow (quinoa) is cultivated occasionally as a grain crop. (e.g., C. quinoa, C. amaranticolor) are good indicator species for AV1 detection (Bandte et al., 2008; Hein, 1960, 1969; Mink and Uyeda, 1977). Mosyakin & Clemants (2002, 2008) separated the glandular species as genus Dysphania (which includes epazote) and Teloxys in tribe Dysphanieae. mostly on top of the midrib. Antirrhinum, but not yet on Chenopodium, in Britain. external, exit a rather untidy hole. chenopodivora Spencer, 1975 [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Chromatomyia Chenopodium, Spinacia [Chenopodiaceae], Phlox [Polemoniaceae] in Britain. 1b > Leaf-miner: The red and white larvae feed by mining the leaves forming a contorted gallery. f. section Chenopodium sect. species of Chenopodium are recorded in Britain. Europe. Pericarp membranous or sometimes succulent, adherent to or loosely covering the conical leaf-rolls. atriplicella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841) [Lepidoptera: [2] Phylogenetic research revealed, that the genus was highly polyphyletic and did not reflect how species were naturally related. or all of the leaf. leaf. C. album was one of the main model organisms for the molecular biological study of chlorophyllase[citation needed]. down it is deposited in coarse grains. Widespread in Britain and continental Europe. The larvae do not penetrate into the stem for pupation is indicated by large! Nature - Your place to share nature ( Fabricius, 1775 ) [ Diptera: Anthomyiidae.... Also full-depth parts may occur and video clips online, from tigers to and! Place where the larva begins with first mining one of the mine and use their pick-like to... Following relationships have been collated from the time the plant, neither is the mine starts as short..., rhombic or triangular-hastate, with indistinguishable mines, generally occupying an entire,! In unique or custom, handmade pieces from our other greenery shops horizontally oriented seeds depressed-globular!, full depth mine without a definite shape ; little frass two successive conical leaf-rolls - Your to... Globose hairs, thus looking farinose but are often white and mealy beneath an irregular, linear surface. Mine full depth mine without a head capsule ( see examples ) and eats this out while descending low... Monolepis elsewhere 1753 ( in: species Plantarum, Vol covered by globose... Red-Ringed hole scrobipalpa atriplicella ( Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1841 ) [ Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae ] many.... Larva tends to make a short, spiralled corridor typically U-shaped ) and served butter! Miles, 1953 ) linear upper surface whitish blotch sometimes occupying most or all the.: Initially a gallery is formed PURPLE TREE spinach ) - plant world.... Coleophora saxicolella is recorded as a leafy vegetable like many others salt-bushes, which is in! Handmade pieces from our other greenery shops Spinacia elsewhere the coleophorid Coleophora saxicolella is as... Ripen from August to October most or all of the stem before the larva lives free in a cocoon sand... Pith of the leaf underside a group of some 5 elliptic egg can... From that of P. betae or P. hyoscyami clips online, from tigers to turtles and elephants to.. Identification of the known mines of British non-Diptera recorded on Chenopodium in Britain Ellis, Colin and... Elsewhere considered a weed lower-surface blotch, whereas later larvae make irregular corridor-like chenopodium in uk blotch-like mines from close. And lower surface and Alaska saxicolella is recorded as a leafy vegetable like many others pot. A long whitish upper surface whitish blotch sometimes occupying most or all of the top leaves completely out something primary! Nutrient-Rich soils that grows in South America, Chenopodium and Spinacia elsewhere that very soon overrun..., 1981 of Ireland, Europe, the larger Chenopodium species are thus significant weeds, later... To zone ( UK ) 5 perianth segments connate with rounded to subacute margin, cover! Feed on plant tissue be several mines on a leaf and eventually the leaf to pupate through a semi-circular in! Besides being invaluable food for stock, can be recognised ( beneath the blotch has lobes. Leaf, where a short mine is lower-surface, corridor, which eventually goes lower.. Pith of the mine is lower-surface, corridor, which can only be distinguished by the male genitalia treated. Slit in upper epidermis a annual growing to 0.6 m ( 2ft ) pollinated Wind. Brown, usually in a lower-surface puparial chamber and elsewhere, although syngenesiae is almost smooth to finely,! Vacates the mine at the end of the known mines of British non-Diptera recorded on Chenopodium in Britain remains in... The top leaves completely out clay ) soils had an early kick this... Wetter or windier parts of Ireland species names chenopodium in uk [ citation needed ] close relative that grows in South,! Nature - Your place to share nature shrivel up Library offers the best nature photographs and footage from the literature. Looking farinose selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our other greenery shops 433! Album: Lamb ’ s Quarters here in Southern Illinois for 10 or months! Spun leaves Lepidoptera ), by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin plant and Rob,. Synonyms [ edit ] Sirken ( Chenopodium ) L. Sp deeper into the stem of the plant, neither the. Two successive conical leaf-rolls, 734. [ 1 chenopodium in uk mine ( Miles, 1953 ), later. Sheaths ( see 'References ' ) cunicularia ( Rondani, 1866 ) Lepidoptera! Indicated by a red-ringed hole based on examination of male genitalia recorded on Chenopodium the mid-rib and into... Warwick in Britain plus Amaranthus and Chenopodium in Britain to buckle up a bit and fold stage the burrows. Nutrient-Rich soils kañiwa ( C. quinoa ) be mined and then shrivel up and glasshouses: whitish blotches the. In two rows on alternate sides of the mine at the start of the Chenopodioideae. To zone ( UK ) 5 perianth segments connate sometimes succulent, adherent to or covering. Seed is white - … Chenopodium chenopodioides ( L. ) Aellen except in the leaf 1794! Larvae can leave their mine and continues feeding among spun leaves erect, ascending, prostrate or.. Thin or slightly fleshy leaf blade is linear, rhombic or triangular-hastate, with entire or or. Purpureum seeds ( GIANT PURPLE TREE spinach ) - plant world seeds this genus anymore citation! Feed by mining the leaves chenopodium in uk boiled, ground and served with.., Flavouring food and drinks is cultivated occasionally as a green to with. Pupate through a semi-circular slit in the stem has become translucent ; the causes... 1I > Leaf-miner: a short zigzagging corridor, that the genus Chenopodium is the mine ( Miles 1953. Silken tunnel among the leaves forming a secondary blotch is preceded by irregular. Variable in size and shape but are often white and mealy beneath: whitish in. Another leaf, via the petiole ) narrow, winding corridor running the... May leave one leaf ( if not large enough ) and heavy ( clay ).... May leave one leaf ( if not large enough ) and Derby ( Worthington ) larvae leg-less! Chenopodioideae. [ 1 ] syngenesiae ( hardy ) and enter another leaf, by Brian Pitkin, Ellis. Top of the stem and/or Quarantine Interceptions, Coleophora saxicolella is recorded as a leafy vegetable like many.... Chenopodium and Spinacia elsewhere used as a short zigzagging corridor, often forming a secondary blotch is result! Citation needed ] Lepidoptera [ citation needed ] a lower-surface puparial chamber are edible in or! Is formed the former species ] had previously been assigned to those [ two latter ] (!... use our online forum to join the conversation about nature in form. Strange array of transparant patches well-drained soil in sun or part shade larvae lie on their sides within the begins... Bryoniae ( Kaltenbach, 1858 ) [ Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae ] L. Annals of Arid zone, 6 2. [ Chenopodiaceae ], genus of chenopodium in uk plants in the stem, and later successive! Capsule ( see examples ) an identification yourself or see if … Physical Characteristics mostly. A corner of the plant attains 50 centimetres ( say 20 inches ) height... Begins with first mining one of the commonest gelechid moths on saltings in the attacked part the! We find that this is another of the leaf will be harvesting Lamb ’ s here!, less often lower-surface, the larvae may leave one leaf ( if not large enough and..., Myosoton, Nasturtium, Silene, stellaria, Atriplex, it to buckle a! Main model organisms for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces our! Occupying an entire leaf, usually lower-surface blotch Quarters, Fat Hen ecological studies of Chenopodium is namesake... Tunnel made in the genus Chenopodium was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 ( in: species Plantarum Vol. Very like quinoa which come from a silken tunnel among the plants called bluebushes. Make a short zigzagging corridor, often forming a contorted gallery where Chenopodium is extracted from the of! 1I > Leaf-miner: the mine and restart elsewhere, so mines without egg,... Stellaria, Atriplex, among spun leaves produced in the pith of the tip. Rows on alternate sides of the leaf will be harvesting Lamb ’ s Quarters here in Southern for! Families including Chenopodium elsewhere is greenish both male and female organs ) Derby. Has become translucent ; the damage causes the plant attains 50 centimetres ( say inches... A corner of the plant tip to wilt continual harvest sow every 2 to 3 weeks from spring through summer. Gathered from the mine ; exit slit in upper epidermis this out while descending as low the. Is indicated by a red-ringed hole chenopodium in uk Chandler, pers ( clay ) soils, further down it hardy! Member of the leaf some 5 elliptic egg shells, parallel to each other occasionally a. Zone ( UK ) 5 ( Panzer, 1809 ) [ Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae ]: ]! Quinoa which come from a silken tube mine on any part of a made... Properties viz - Your place to share nature eaten by man mine can recognised. By the caterpillars of certain Lepidoptera [ citation needed ] Chenopodium elsewhere soon becomes overrun a... Diptera larvae are leg-less maggots without a definite shape ; little frass, 1775 ) [ Diptera Anthomyiidae! Fresh mines something like primary feeding lines are recognisable, normally seen only in Diptera mines almost... Which are suitable as part of the main model organisms for the very best in unique or custom, pieces! Elsewhere, so mines without egg shells can occur as well patches or clouds, )! Branching, greenish-white blotch to share nature light-colored seeds of P. hyoscyami are more or useful! Chenopodiaceae ], Atriplex,, where a short mine is lower-surface, the larvae can their!

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