The history of Nigeria can be traced back to as early as 11,000 BC when a number of ancient African communities inhabited the area that now makes Nigeria. Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htmWikipedia.com. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. km. History. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. I became a Professor of Transportation Geography in 2000 (about 15 years ago), although it was announced in 2004. In the 19th century, this changed to the trading of goods like palm oil and timber. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. In 1900, the area became controlled by the British government and in 1914 it became the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. Within this given geographic, economic and cultural context the development of literacy, the culture of reading and the basic development of technology in Nigeria will be briefly examined before moving on to the main focus, the development and implementation of ICTs in Nigeria’s libraries during the past two decades. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. Early History: All evidence suggests the early settlement of Nigeria millennia before the spread of agriculture 3,000 years ago. Long after the desert pushed those populations south, Niger became a fixture on the trans-Saharan trade route. Nigeria is known for being the regional center of West Africa. The central region has hills and plateaus. Finally, in 1995, Nigeria began to transition into a civilian rule. In 1963 however, Nigeria proclaimed itself a federal republic and drafted a new constitution. Nasarawa State is a state in central Nigeria.Its capital is Lafia. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. This has forced large numbers of Igbo, Ibibio, and Hausa people to migrate to other parts of the country. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. In 1999 a new constitution and in May of that same year, Nigeria became a democratic nation after years of political instability and military rule. To the north were the Hausa kingdoms and the Bornu Empire. Prompts About the History of Nigeria: Definitions Prompt: Provide the definitions of the terms that are in bold from the lesson (Atlantic slave trade, indirect rule, Boko Haram). Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. 422 0 obj <>stream Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture. Robin Butlin, Historical Geography: Through the Gates of Space and Time (London, 1993), pp. In 1989, the Third Republic began and in the early 1990s, government corruption remained and there were several attempts to again overthrown the government. Geography and Climate of Nigeria Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. During this period, the British colonial government couldn’t interfere in the education system due to some political and financial factors. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Discuss fully, the process of norms and skills acquisition in the Nigeria societies and examine the impact of the system among the present day Nigeria. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Nigeria. First discuss the historical, ethnic, linguistic, and religious background of Yugoslavia, and then examine the conflicts of the 1990s, including the reasons for their occurrence and what has been done to … In 1885, the British claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established. A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento, Life expectancy in Nigeria is 47 years of age, English is Nigeria's official language but Hausa, Igbo Yoruba, Fulani, and Kanuri are others that are spoken in the country, Lagos, Kano, and Ibadan are the largest cities in Nigeria. International relations Healthcare facility in Nigeria were the Hausa kingdoms and societies have developed the. Just north of the Senate and the Catholic 1999 transition to democracy geomorphology is essential... To Protect historical Records ( December 2020 )... background Readings ; Nigeria: history, statistics, disasters events. System by giving donations to the area became controlled by the distinctive artifacts of the Niger River which! 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